A. PHILIP RANDOLPH MARCH FOR JOBS AND FREEDOM 1941 BAN ON DISCRIMINATION IN FEDERAL HIRING


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Civil Rights Leader, Asa Philip Randolph. Often considered the "most dangerous black in America" according to white Supremacists.



OVERVIEW:
Asa Philip Randolph (April 15, 1889-May 16, 1979) was a labor and civil rights leader during the 1940's- mid 1960's, who united many African Americans during a very difficult time period for them. Blacks had a very difficult time fitting into the white nation as they were not accepted for their skin color and were often mobed and lynched. Along with these difficulties, they had hard times finding jobs. A Philip Randolph united many African Americans who dealt with discrimination as he was intending to lead a protest on Washington, fighting for the fair labor of the black community. Due to Randolph's determination and the fear of rebellion, President Roosevelt passed an order on June in 1941 which called for a end to discrimination of African American workers in industries that were producing war supplies. This Act was called the Fair Employment Act, which was considered a success to many African Americans. This was one of the many things that Randolph did as he was always involved within the black community, never too afraid to rebel against a very resentful and angered white population.



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The Fair Employment Act, which was signed by President Roosevelt in 1941, banning discrimination. This was one of the first steps in ending discrimination amon African Americans in the labor force.


KEY PLAYERS:
Asa Philip Randolph
President Franklin Roosevelt
African American Protesters



LONG TERM EFFECTS

Asa Philip Randolph was always one of the voices of the African Americans as he constantly believed in fighting discrimination. He prefered to make peace in a verbal manner but was never afraid to make threats and cause rebellions. He was a very motivated figure as he wasn't going to stand by and let his people get treated like they had been before. Not only did he speak on the behalf of African Americans but also of other races including Puerto Ricans, poor whites, Mexicans and Indians.

By succeeding early on in his career, Randolph had the desire to achieve more. In July of 1948, he was fighting segregation in the Army, Navy and Air Force. At this time and stage, the President was Harry Truman and with Randolph's dedication, the president signed an order which fought against segregation and discrimination would not be allowed in the armed forces and federal civil service jobs. In 1963, Randolph led a huge crowd of over 250,000 protesters to Washington, which was called the March on Marchington, crying out their hearts for jobs and their freedom. This was a very fanmous protest as the location occured at the same place Martin Luther King Jr. spoke his "I Have A Dream" speech.

Although dead now, Philips voice is still heard by man African Americans as he was a free spirited man with many beliefs who was not afraid to speak them. Often people associate Martin Luther King Jr. as the heroic figure for granting blacks their freedom and liberties but Randolph was an immense help. To many white supremacists, Philips was considered the most dangerous black in America but that did not stop him from carrying out his goals for fighting discrimination and segregation. And with the help of Dubois, Philips, Martin Luther King Jr. and many African American protesters, the face of America has changed tremendously over the last 40 years as they have mixed in greatly to once a "white world" to the land of equality and freedom for all.




Sources:
http://www.apri.org/ht/d/sp/i/225/pid/225
http://www.notablebiographies.com/Pu-Ro/Randolph-A-Philip.html
http://www.templeton-interactive.com/lest5a.htm
http://www.dol.gov/oasam/programs/history/images/EO-8802.jpg
http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/13/A._Philip_Randolph_1963_NYWTS.jpg/225px-A._Philip_Randolph_1963_NYWTS.jpg
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iJ7sa7x0h6w