The Freedom Summer -1964- Disappearance of Schwerner, Chaney, and Goodman


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Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, Andrew Goodman


Overview: The Freedom Summer, also know as the Mississippi Summer Project, was a campaign in 1964 that tried to register as many african american voters as possible in Mississippi. On June 24th, 1964, three young civil rights workers, Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, and Andrew Goodman, were reported as missing. Six weeks later, on August 4th, there bodies were found on a dam near a farm in Philadelphia, Mississippi. It was discovered that these men were ambushed by the Ku Klux Klan because of the boys support of the drive to register african american voters in Mississippi.

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Key Contributors:
Michael Schwerner
James Chaney
Andrew Goodman
Ku Klux Klan



Goals and Methods: There were two main goals during the Freedom Summer of 1964.
1. To show Mississippi whites and the nation that blacks wanted to vote.
2. To give Blacks, many of whom had never voted, the right to cast a ballot.
One of the most important projects that occurred during the summer was the establishment of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party to challenge all of the white Democratic parties in the state. This gave the blacks a lot of say in the government and allowed them to discuss what they needed to be resolved.

Impact on American History: In 1964, 6.7% of Mississippi's voting age blacks were registered to vote, which was 16.3% below the nations average. By the year of 1969, that number had grown significantly to 66.5%, which was then 5.5% above the nations average. The Freedom Summer of 1964 and the disappearance of Schwerner, Chaney, and Goodman, showed that even those who are fighting for the benefit of the country can be killed by evil people. It also showed that blacks could have political power and that seeing as how they were now able to have more voting power, they could get their problems heard and had the power to create change.



Sources
http://www.africanaonline.com/civil_rights_summer.htm
http://www.core-online.org/History/freedom_summer.htm
http://www.watson.org/~lisa/blackhistory/civilrights-55-65/missippi.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedom_Summer
http://timelines.com/1964/6/council-of-federated-organizations-launches-freedom-summer-to-register-black-voters-in-mississippi