NAACP
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Founded on February 12, 1909

NAACP2.jpg
THE LOGO OF THE NAACP


OVERVIEW
The NAACP was made due to intolerance of the practice of lynching and the 1908 race riot in Springfield, Illinois, the hometown of Abraham Lincoln. Appalled at the violence that was committed against blacks, A group of white liberals including Mary White Ovington, William English Walling, and Henry Moscowitz met in New York City in January 1909 and the NAACP was initiated. On February 12, 1909 60 people answered "The Call" for the first meeting of the organization. Seven of whom were African Americans including; W. E. B. Du Bois, Ida B. Wells-Barnett and Mary Church Terrell. W.E.B. Du Bois was also heavily involved in the National Negro Committee, organizing events for the group like the Niagra Movement Conference. Ida B. Wells-Barnett was an African American journalist and anti-lynching crusader. The NAACP's start toward fighting social injustice began with the Pink Franklin case. in this story, a black farmhand, killed a policeman in self-defense when the officer broke into his home at 3 a.m. to arrest him on a civil charge. at the time, the farmhand had no prior knowledge that the guy breaking into his house was a police officer. After losing at the Supreme Court, NAACP official Joel Spingarn and his brother Arthur start a strong effort to fight such cases in the future. The NAACP used different methods to get their point across to people. They often protest things they were against. They would put large ads in newspapers to get people aware of what really happened during lynching. To show that they would not be intimidated by anyone, they held their annual conference in Atlanta, Georgia where a lot of Klan members were located. They launched a voter's registration campaigns to get people to vote against people who were anti-civil rights from being elected to government positions. And for any issue that was outright racist they would take the situation to the supreme court to get their justice served where it was owed. The NAACP was on a mission, and would get their message out anyway possible.



KEY PLAYERS IN FOUNDING THE ORGANIZATION

W. E. B. Du Bois, Mary White Ovington and Oswald Garrison Villard,

HEADQUARTERS
Baltimore,Maryland

MEMBERSHIP

300,000

CURRENT PRESIDENT AND CEO

Benjamin Jealous

MAIN GOAL

NAACP's mission is to secure the rights of all people guaranteed in the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the United States Constitution. These amendments promised an end to slavery, the equal protection of the law, and universal adult male suffrage.

ACHIEVEMENTS
1910's-1970's
1910

The NAACP begins its legacy of fighting legal battles addressing social injustice with the Pink Franklin case. In the Pink Franklin case, a black farmhand killed a policeman in self-defense when the officer broke into his home at 3 a.m. in the morning.
1917
The NAACP fights and wins the battle to enable African Americans to be commissioned as officers in World War I. Six hundred officers are commissioned, and 700,000 register for the draft.
1935
NAACP lawyers Charles Houston and Thurgood Marshall win the legal battle to admit a black student to the University of Maryland.
1955
NAACP member Rosa Parks is arrested and fined for refusing to give up her seat on a segregated bus in Montgomery, Alabama.
1963
NAACP's first Field Director, Medgar Evers is assassinated in front of his house in Jackson, Mississippi after one of his mass rallies for civil rights.
1964
U.S. Supreme Court ends the eight year effort of Alabama officials to ban NAACP activities.
1964
Congress finally passes the Civil Rights Act.
1979
The NAACP initiates the first bill ever signed by a governor that allows voter registration in high schools. Soon after, 24 states follow suit.

NAACP IN RECENT YEARS
1980's

1982
NAACP registered more than 850,000 voters. And by protesting and having the support of the Supreme Court, the orginization was able to prevent President Reagan from giving a tax-break to the racially segregated Bob Jones University.

1989

NAACP lead a Silent March of over 100,000 to protest U.S. Supreme Court decisions that had reversed many of the gains made against discrimination.

1900's
1991
When avowed racist and former Klan leader David Duke ran for US Senate in Louisiana, the NAACP launched a voter registration campaign that yields a 76% turn-out of Black voters to defeat Duke.
1997
In response to the pervasive anti-affirmative action legislation occurring around the country, the NAACP launched the Economic Reciprocity Program.
1997
And in response to increased violence among the youth, the NAACP starts the "Stop The Violence, Start the Love' campaign.







A video of the NAACP and what they stand for.






SOURCES
http://www.naacp.org/about/history/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Association_for_the_Advancement_of_Colored_People#The_Birth_of_the_NAACPhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2UWC77ptCnU